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Issue 6, 2016
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Evaluation of electron donors for biological perchlorate removal highlights the importance of diverse perchlorate-reducing populations

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Abstract

This research investigated the treatment of a synthetic groundwater with approximately 100 mg L−1 perchlorate (ClO4) and 15 mg L−1 nitrate (NO3-N) using a bench-scale, fluidized-bed bioreactor (FBR). The groundwater was amended sequentially with acetate and MicroC2000™, a proprietary, glycerol-based electron donor. Nitrate reduction to less than 0.05 mg L−1 NO3-N and perchlorate removal to less than 0.3 mg L−1 ClO4 occurred under both electron donor regimes, although a higher biomass yield was observed and a higher influent COD concentration was required to maintain the same effluent quality when MicroC2000™ was used as the electron donor. High-throughput sequencing of partial 16S rRNA genes from biomass collected at several time points revealed that a single Dechloromonas population dominated the perchlorate-reducing community under both electron donors and Dechloromonas species comprised greater than 30% relative abundance of the bacterial community by the end of reactor operation. The same Dechloromonas population was abundant in two bench-scale systems fed lower perchlorate concentrations, although several other perchlorate-reducing bacteria, presumably with higher affinities for perchlorate, were also abundant in those systems. The results suggest that to reduce perchlorate to levels that allow groundwater to serve as a drinking water source, distinct environments for diverse perchlorate-reducing bacteria with high and low affinities for perchlorate are needed. Such conditions can be created by using two bioreactors in series.

Graphical abstract: Evaluation of electron donors for biological perchlorate removal highlights the importance of diverse perchlorate-reducing populations

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jul 2016, accepted on 02 Oct 2016 and first published on 10 Oct 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6EW00181E
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016,2, 1049-1063
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    Evaluation of electron donors for biological perchlorate removal highlights the importance of diverse perchlorate-reducing populations

    N. Kotlarz, G. Upadhyaya, P. Togna and L. Raskin, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016, 2, 1049
    DOI: 10.1039/C6EW00181E

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