Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 3, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Emerging investigators series: virus mitigation by coagulation: recent discoveries and future directions

Author affiliations

Abstract

Waterborne viruses are widespread and persistent in the environment. Coagulation is an effective process for mitigating viruses in drinking water. This review examines recent studies of virus mitigation by coagulation processes in the context of the latest scientific advances. Virus sorption is impacted by electrostatic forces, as well as the hydrophobic effect, steric hindrance, hydrodynamics and interactions with the water matrix. Organic matter in the water may hinder or enhance sorption, depending on virus structure and environmental factors. In addition to physical separation in flocs, coagulation processes have been shown to inactivate viruses. This review evaluates reports of virus inactivation due to coagulation processes from both a process and experimental perspective. The use of bacteriophages as surrogates for human viruses is discussed, and future research needs relevant to virus coagulation are identified.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigators series: virus mitigation by coagulation: recent discoveries and future directions

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 03 Mar 2016, accepted on 08 Apr 2016 and first published on 12 Apr 2016


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C6EW00060F
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016,2, 443-459
  •   Request permissions

    Emerging investigators series: virus mitigation by coagulation: recent discoveries and future directions

    J. Heffron and B. K. Mayer, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016, 2, 443
    DOI: 10.1039/C6EW00060F

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements