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Issue 23, 2016
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Nanoporous ionic organic networks: from synthesis to materials applications

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Abstract

The past decade has witnessed rapid progress in the synthesis of nanoporous organic networks or polymer frameworks for various potential applications. Generally speaking, functionalization of porous networks to add extra properties and enhance materials performance could be achieved either during the pore formation (thus a concurrent approach) or by post-synthetic modification (a sequential approach). Nanoporous organic networks which include ion pairs bound in a covalent manner are of special importance and possess extreme application profiles. Within these nanoporous ionic organic networks (NIONs), here with a pore size in the range from sub-1 nm to 100 nm, we observe a synergistic coupling of the electrostatic interaction of charges, the nanoconfinement within pores and the addressable functional units in soft matter resulting in a wide variety of functions and applications, above all catalysis, energy storage and conversion, as well as environment-related operations. This review aims to highlight the recent progress in this area, and seeks to raise original perspectives that will stimulate future advancements at both the fundamental and applied level.

Graphical abstract: Nanoporous ionic organic networks: from synthesis to materials applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Aug 2016 and first published on 12 Oct 2016


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6CS00597G
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016,45, 6627-6656
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Nanoporous ionic organic networks: from synthesis to materials applications

    J. Sun, M. Antonietti and J. Yuan, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016, 45, 6627
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CS00597G

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