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Issue 17, 2016
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Decay rate of real space delocalization measures: a comparison between analytical and test systems

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Abstract

We examine in this contribution the possible relation between the spatial decay rate of real space delocalization measures and the insulating- or metallic-like character of molecular and extended systems. We first show that in simple one-electron models, like the Hückel or tight binding approximations, delocalization indices (DIs) are intimately linked to the first-order reduced density matrix (1RDM), whose decay rate is known to be exponential in gapped systems and algebraic in gapless ones. DIs are shown to behave equivalently, with wild oscillations in gapless 1D, 2D and 3D models that do only persist in one-dimensional real cases, as computed at the Hartree–Fock or Kohn–Sham levels. Oscillations are shown to be directly related to Pauling resonant structures and chemical mesomerism. DIs in insulating-like moieties decay extremely fast. We propose that examining the decay of DIs along different directions in real materials may be used to detect facile and non-facile conductivity channels.

Graphical abstract: Decay rate of real space delocalization measures: a comparison between analytical and test systems

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Oct 2015, accepted on 05 Jan 2016 and first published on 08 Jan 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP06098B
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 11772-11780
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    Decay rate of real space delocalization measures: a comparison between analytical and test systems

    A. Gallo-Bueno, E. Francisco and A. Martín Pendás, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 11772
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP06098B

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