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Issue 10, 2016
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A rational design of separator with substantially enhanced thermal features for lithium-ion batteries by the polydopamine–ceramic composite modification of polyolefin membranes

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Abstract

A separator plays a crucial role in ensuring the safety in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, commercial separators are mainly based on microporous polyolefin membranes, which possess serious safety risks, such as their thermal stabilities. Although many efforts have been made to solve these problems, they cannot yet fully ensure the safety of the batteries, especially in large-scale applications. Herein, we report a rational design of separator with substantially enhanced thermal features. We report how, by a simple dip-coating process, polydopamine (PDA) formed an overall-covered self-supporting film, both on the ceramic layer and on the pristine polyolefin separator, which made the ceramic layer and polyolefin separator appear as a single aspect and furthermore, this layer amended the film-forming properties of the separator. Combining the function of the ceramic and PDA, the developed composite-modified separator displays substantially enhanced thermal and mechanical stability, with no visual thermal shrink and can maintain its mechanical strength up to 230 °C when the polyethylene separator acts as the pristine separator.

Graphical abstract: A rational design of separator with substantially enhanced thermal features for lithium-ion batteries by the polydopamine–ceramic composite modification of polyolefin membranes

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Apr 2016, accepted on 23 Aug 2016 and first published on 07 Sep 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01219A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2016,9, 3252-3261
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    A rational design of separator with substantially enhanced thermal features for lithium-ion batteries by the polydopamine–ceramic composite modification of polyolefin membranes

    J. Dai, C. Shi, C. Li, X. Shen, L. Peng, D. Wu, D. Sun, P. Zhang and J. Zhao, Energy Environ. Sci., 2016, 9, 3252
    DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01219A

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