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Issue 8, 2015
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N2H: a novel polymeric hydronitrogen as a high energy density material

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Abstract

The polymeric phase of nitrogen connected by lower (than three) order N–N bonds has been long sought for potential application as high energy density materials. Here we report a hitherto unknown polymeric N2H phase discovered in the high-pressure hydronitrogen system by a first-principles structure search method based on a particle swarm optimization algorithm. This polymeric hydronitrogen consists of quasi-one-dimensional infinite armchair-like polymeric N chains, where H atoms bond with two adjacent N located at one side of the armchair edge. It is energetically stable against decomposition above ∼33 GPa, and shows novel metallic feature as the result of pressure-enhanced charge transfer and delocalization of π electrons within the infinite nitrogen chains. The high energy density (∼4.40 kJ g−1), high nitrogen content (96.6%), as well as relatively low stabilization pressure, make it a possible candidate for high energy density applications. It also has lattice dynamical stability down to ambient pressure, allowing for the possibility of kinetic stability with respect to variations of external conditions. Experimental synthesis of this novel phase is called for.

Graphical abstract: N2H: a novel polymeric hydronitrogen as a high energy density material

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Nov 2014, accepted on 07 Jan 2015 and first published on 08 Jan 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06555G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 4188-4194
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    N2H: a novel polymeric hydronitrogen as a high energy density material

    K. Yin, Y. Wang, H. Liu, F. Peng and L. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 4188
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06555G

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