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Issue 13, 2015
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(100) surface-exposed CeO2 nanocubes as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst in the tandem oxidation of benzyl alcohol, para-chlorobenzyl alcohol and toluene to the corresponding aldehydes selectively

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Abstract

A new synthesis strategy has been developed to synthesize exclusively (100)-surface-exposed CeO2 nanocubes (∼90 nm), formed through three dimensional (3D) self-assembly of smaller ceria nanocrystal building blocks, as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for multiple selective oxidation reactions. To compare the effect of morphology on catalysis, 1D CeO2 nanorods have also been tested in parallel. The as-synthesized CeO2 nanocubes acted as a breakthrough catalyst in the quantitative conversion of benzyl alcohol and para-chlorobenzyl alcohol with absolute selectivity to their respective aldehydes (>99%) under very mild reaction conditions in water at 35 °C. The same ceria nanocubes acted as an efficient catalyst in the oxidation of toluene to benzaldehyde selectively. The preferentially exposed (100) surfaces, the presence of a high concentration of oxygen vacancies (2.11 × 1021 cm−3), the small size of the nanoscale building blocks and the corresponding high surface area and porosity have been reasoned to produce the observed high catalytic activity parameter and turn over frequency (TOF). Further characterization of the recovered catalysts after five cycles confirmed the retention of the original morphology, crystal structure and, most importantly, catalytic properties with no significant activity loss, confirming the possibility of repeated use of the present CeO2 nanocubes without compromising their intrinsic qualities.

Graphical abstract: (100) surface-exposed CeO2 nanocubes as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst in the tandem oxidation of benzyl alcohol, para-chlorobenzyl alcohol and toluene to the corresponding aldehydes selectively

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Nov 2014, accepted on 27 Jan 2015 and first published on 28 Jan 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06547F
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Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 6909-6920
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    (100) surface-exposed CeO2 nanocubes as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst in the tandem oxidation of benzyl alcohol, para-chlorobenzyl alcohol and toluene to the corresponding aldehydes selectively

    K. Deori, C. Kalita and S. Deka, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 6909
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06547F

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