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Issue 102, 2015
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Effect of zeolite on SPEEK /zeolite hybrid membrane as electrolyte for microbial fuel cell applications

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Abstract

A zeolite (H-faujasite) incorporated SPEEK membrane was demonstrated as an effective proton exchange membrane for Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) application. The proton conductive faujasite zeolite contains uniform channels with an effective diameter ∼0.74 nm that permits small ions but restricts large hydrated ions. In this work, SPEEK/zeolite membranes were prepared by a solvent evaporation method with different weight percentages (2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, 10%) of zeolite. The physico-chemical properties of the composite membranes such as water uptake, ion-exchange capacity, proton conductivity, dissolved oxygen crossover and transport of cations were studied for their suitability in MFC. A maximum proton conductivity of 0.178 × 10−2 S cm−1 was obtained for 7.5% zeolite + SPEEK. All the membranes were tested in a Single Chamber MFC (SCMFC) using E. coli inoculum and Pt/C as cathode catalyst. The 7.5% zeolite + SPEEK membrane showed the highest power density (176 mW m−2) compared to that of commercial Nafion and other composite membranes.

Graphical abstract: Effect of zeolite on SPEEK /zeolite hybrid membrane as electrolyte for microbial fuel cell applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jul 2015, accepted on 25 Sep 2015 and first published on 25 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA14701H
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 84004-84013
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    Effect of zeolite on SPEEK /zeolite hybrid membrane as electrolyte for microbial fuel cell applications

    P. Narayanaswamy Venkatesan and S. Dharmalingam, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 84004
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA14701H

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