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Issue 74, 2015
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Magnetic amine-functionalized polyacrylic acid-nanomagnetite for hexavalent chromium removal from polluted water

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Abstract

A novel magnetic amine-functionalized polyacrylic acid-nanomagnetite (Fe3O4-PAA-NH2) adsorbent prepared using a facile surface-initiated polymerization (SIP) method has delivered a great Cr(VI) removal performance compared to as-received Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The maximum amine group (–NH2) concentration grafted onto Fe3O4-PAA is determined to be 3.925 mg g−1 based on acid–base titrimetric analysis. The optimal pH value for Cr(VI) adsorption is around 2.0 with a Fe3O4-PAA-NH2 dose of 30 mg and contact time of 10 min at room temperature. A multilayer adsorption for the Freundlich isotherm model is well-fitted and fits better than the monolayer adsorption of the Langmuir isotherm model. The kinetics of Cr(VI) removal by the Fe3O4-PAA-NH2 nanoadsorbent is found to follow pseudo-second-order behavior with a calculated room temperature rate constant of 1.23 g mg−1 min−1 for a solution with an initial Cr(VI) concentration of 7.0 mg L−1 and pH value of 2.5. The competition adsorption tests show that the presence of other metals in polluted water, including Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), K(I), Ca(II), Na(I), and Mg(II), favors the Cr(VI) adsorption by the fabricated Fe3O4-PAA-NH2 nanoadsorbent due to the affinity of the chemical potential and electronegativity of each metallic element. Moreover, the prepared Fe3O4-PAA-NH2 nanoadsorbent exhibits a good reusability and retains around 85% of its Cr(VI) adsorption capacity even after 5 cycles.

Graphical abstract: Magnetic amine-functionalized polyacrylic acid-nanomagnetite for hexavalent chromium removal from polluted water

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 May 2015, accepted on 16 Jun 2015 and first published on 16 Jun 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA09761D
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 60208-60219
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    Magnetic amine-functionalized polyacrylic acid-nanomagnetite for hexavalent chromium removal from polluted water

    F. Gao, H. Gu, H. Wang, X. Wang, B. Xiang and Z. Guo, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 60208
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA09761D

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