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Issue 67, 2015
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Ten-fold coordinated polymorph and metallization of TiO2 under high pressure

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Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has a wide range of industrial applications (e.g., in photocatalysis and solar cells). Pressure causes profound structural and electronic changes in TiO2, leading to the fundamental modification of its physical properties. We report the metallization of TiO2 at high pressures through first-principles swarm structure searching calculations. Metallization accompanies the stabilization of a body-centered tetragonal CaC2-type structure (space group I4/mmm), which is more stable than the Fe2P-type structure above 690 GPa. This phase adopts a ten-fold coordinated structure consisting of face-sharing TiO10 dodecahedrons, the highest coordination number among all TiO2 phases known so far. In contrast to the nine-fold Fe2P-type structure, the higher coordination and denser polyhedral packing makes the CaC2-type structure energetically favorable. Our work enables an opportunity to understand the structure and electronic properties of TiO2 at high pressures.

Graphical abstract: Ten-fold coordinated polymorph and metallization of TiO2 under high pressure

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Apr 2015, accepted on 11 Jun 2015 and first published on 15 Jun 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA07245J
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 54253-54257
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    Ten-fold coordinated polymorph and metallization of TiO2 under high pressure

    X. Zhong, J. Wang, S. Zhang, G. Yang and Y. Wang, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 54253
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA07245J

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