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Issue 21, 2015
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Biological and pharmacological activities of amaryllidaceae alkaloids

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Abstract

The amaryllidaceae family consists of about 75 genera and 1100 species that are wide-spread in the tropics and warm temperate regions of the world. Since the first isolation of lycorine, more than 500 amaryllidaceae alkaloids have been isolated over the past three decades. The enormous numbers of diverse amaryllidaceae alkaloids are classified into different groups mainly according to their structural features. The representative alkaloids are norbelladine, lycorine, hippeastrine, narwedine, haemanthamine, pancratistatin, pretazettine, montanine, galanthindole, cherylline and ismine. Recently, more extensive studies have revealed that amaryllidaceae alkaloids exhibit a wide range of bioactivities, such as antitumor, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antimalarial and analgesic. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory and cytotoxic activities have also been reported. The aim of the present review is to discuss the recent developments on the biological and pharmacological activities of amaryllidaceae alkaloids with IC50 or EC50 values since 2005, supporting the potential therapeutic possibilities for the use of these compounds.

Graphical abstract: Biological and pharmacological activities of amaryllidaceae alkaloids

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Nov 2014, accepted on 29 Jan 2015 and first published on 29 Jan 2015


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA14666B
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 16562-16574
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    Biological and pharmacological activities of amaryllidaceae alkaloids

    M. He, C. Qu, O. Gao, X. Hu and X. Hong, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 16562
    DOI: 10.1039/C4RA14666B

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