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Issue 10, 2015
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Synthesis of end-functionalized poly(methyl methacrylate) by organocatalyzed group transfer polymerization using functional silyl ketene acetals and α-phenylacrylates

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Abstract

The present study describes the α- and ω-end-functionalization of poly(methyl methacrylate)s (PMMAs) by organocatalyzed group transfer polymerization (GTP) using both functional silyl ketene acetal (SKA) initiators and α-phenylacrylate terminators. The syntheses of structurally defect-free α-end-functionalized PMMAs with hydroxyl, ethynyl, vinyl, and norbornenyl groups (HO-PMMA, HC[triple bond, length as m-dash]C-PMMA, H2C[double bond, length as m-dash]CH-PMMA, and NB-PMMA, respectively) were achieved by either the N-(trimethylsilyl)bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-(Me3SiNTf2-) or t-Bu-P4-catalyzed GTP of MMA using functional trimethyl SKAs (1a–1d). On the other hand, the ω-end-functionalized PMMAs with ethynyl, hydroxyl, vinyl, and bromo groups (PMMA-C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CH, PMMA-OH, PMMA-CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH2, and PMMA-Br, respectively) were for the first time obtained by the Me3SiNTf2-catalyzed GTP of MMA followed by a termination reaction using functional α-phenylacrylates (2a–2d). All the polymerizations produced end-functionalized PMMAs with controlled molar masses, narrow dispersities, and defect-free polymer structures as designed. The quantitative incorporation of functionalities into the α- or ω-end of the PMMAs was confirmed by the 1H NMR and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) measurements.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of end-functionalized poly(methyl methacrylate) by organocatalyzed group transfer polymerization using functional silyl ketene acetals and α-phenylacrylates

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Nov 2014, accepted on 17 Dec 2014 and first published on 17 Dec 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4PY01564A
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2015,6, 1830-1837
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    Synthesis of end-functionalized poly(methyl methacrylate) by organocatalyzed group transfer polymerization using functional silyl ketene acetals and α-phenylacrylates

    Y. Chen, K. Takada, N. Kubota, O. Eric, T. Ito, T. Isono, T. Satoh and T. Kakuchi, Polym. Chem., 2015, 6, 1830
    DOI: 10.1039/C4PY01564A

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