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Issue 11, 2015
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In-house-made capillary electrophoresis instruments coupled with contactless conductivity detection as a simple and inexpensive solution for water analysis: a case study in Vietnam

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Abstract

A simple and inexpensive method for the determination of various ionic species in different water matrices is discussed in this study. The approach is based on the employment of in-house-made capillary electrophoresis (CE) instruments with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C4D), which can be realized even when only a modest financial budget and limited expertise are available. Advantageous features and considerations of these instruments are detailed following their pilot deployment in Vietnam. Different categories of ionic species, namely major inorganic cations (K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, and NH4+) and major inorganic anions (Cl, NO3, NO2, SO42−, and phosphate), in different water matrices in Vietnam were determined using these in-house fabricated instruments. Inorganic trivalent arsenic (As(III)), which is the most abundant form of arsenic in reducing groundwater, was determined by CE-C4D. The effect of some interfering ions in groundwater on the analytical performance was investigated and is highlighted. The results from in-house-made CE-C4D-instruments were cross-checked with those obtained using the standard methods (AAS, AES, UV and IC), with correlation coefficients r2 ≥ 0.9 and deviations from the referenced results less than 15%.

Graphical abstract: In-house-made capillary electrophoresis instruments coupled with contactless conductivity detection as a simple and inexpensive solution for water analysis: a case study in Vietnam

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jul 2015, accepted on 23 Sep 2015 and first published on 24 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5EM00362H
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2015,17, 1941-1951
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    In-house-made capillary electrophoresis instruments coupled with contactless conductivity detection as a simple and inexpensive solution for water analysis: a case study in Vietnam

    H. A. Duong, M. D. Le, K. D. Mai Nguyen, P. C. Hauser, H. V. Pham and T. D. Mai, Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2015, 17, 1941
    DOI: 10.1039/C5EM00362H

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