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Issue 44, 2015
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Multi-slice nanostructured WS2@rGO with enhanced Li-ion battery performance and a comprehensive mechanistic investigation

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Abstract

A thin nanoslice structured WS2@reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite was successfully fabricated by a facile hydrothermal synthesis method. The layered structure and morphology of the composite were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The WS2@rGO composite structure demonstrated significantly enhanced rate capability performance in comparison with pristine WS2 when used as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The composite demonstrated a capacity of 565 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles when cycled at 0.1 A g−1 and it could still deliver a stable capacity of about 337 mA h g−1 at 2 A g−1. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurement showed that the synergistic effect between WS2 and rGO could remarkably reduce the contact resistance and improve the corresponding electrochemical performances. In order to analyze and interpret the corresponding results from a theoretically sound perspective, first principles calculations was further performed to investigate the corresponding inner mechanisms of pristine WS2 and WS2@graphene composite. The nudged elastic band (NEB) method was used to investigate the diffusion properties of Li in the different structures. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and Young's modulus calculation were further employed to explore the stability and mechanical properties of the two structures for the first time. These new perspectives pave the way for the design and fabrication of graphene–TMDs based composites as the next generation of LIB anode materials with high power density and cycling stability.

Graphical abstract: Multi-slice nanostructured WS2@rGO with enhanced Li-ion battery performance and a comprehensive mechanistic investigation

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jul 2015, accepted on 04 Oct 2015 and first published on 06 Oct 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04081G
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 29824-29833
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    Multi-slice nanostructured WS2@rGO with enhanced Li-ion battery performance and a comprehensive mechanistic investigation

    H. Li, K. Yu, H. Fu, B. Guo, X. Lei and Z. Zhu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 29824
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04081G

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