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Issue 12, 2015
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Nano-enabled bioanalytical approaches to ultrasensitive detection of low abundance single nucleotide polymorphisms

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Abstract

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) constitute the most common types of genetic variations in the human genome. A number of SNPs have been linked to the development of life threatening diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. The ability for ultrasensitive and accurate detection of low abundant disease-related SNPs in bodily fluids (e.g. blood, serum, etc.) holds a significant value in the development of non-invasive future biodiagnostic tools. Over the past two decades, nanomaterials have been utilized in a myriad of biosensing applications due to their ability of detecting extremely low quantities of biologically important biomarkers with high sensitivity and accuracy. Of particular interest is the application of such technologies in the detection of SNPs. The use of various nanomaterials, coupled with different powerful signal amplification strategies, has paved the way for a new generation of ultrasensitive SNP biodiagnostic assays. Over the past few years, several ultrasensitive SNP biosensors capable of detecting specific targets down to the ultra-low regimes (ca. aM and below) and therefore holding great promises for early clinical diagnosis of diseases have been developed. This mini review will highlight some of the most recent, significant advances in nanomaterial-based ultrasensitive SNP sensing technologies capable of detecting specific targets on the attomolar (10−18 M) regime or below. In particular, the design of novel, powerful signal amplification strategies that hold the key to the ultrasensitivity is highlighted.

Graphical abstract: Nano-enabled bioanalytical approaches to ultrasensitive detection of low abundance single nucleotide polymorphisms

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Dec 2014, accepted on 11 Mar 2015 and first published on 12 Mar 2015


Article type: Minireview
DOI: 10.1039/C4AN02304H
Citation: Analyst, 2015,140, 3872-3887
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Nano-enabled bioanalytical approaches to ultrasensitive detection of low abundance single nucleotide polymorphisms

    L. D. S. Lapitan Jr., Y. Guo and D. Zhou, Analyst, 2015, 140, 3872
    DOI: 10.1039/C4AN02304H

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