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Issue 104, 2014
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Mathematically modelling competitive ion absorption in a polymer matrix

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Abstract

A recent publication [Lindén et al., RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 25063–25066] describing a material with extreme efficiency and selectivity for adsorbing copper opens up the possibility of large scale purification technologies and new materials for prevention of biological growth, both in bulk and on surfaces. On the molecular scale, the material’s efficiency and selectivity depends on competitive metal ion diffusion into a nanometer thin polymer film and on competitive binding of metal ions to specific ligand sites. We present and explore two reaction-diffusion models describing the detailed transport and competitive absorption of metal ions in the polymer matrix studied in [Lindén et al., RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 25063–25066]. The diffusive transport of the ions into an interactive, porous polymer layer of finite thickness, supported by an impermeable substrate and in contact with an infinite electrolyte reservoir, is governed by forced diffusion equations, while metal ion binding is modelled by a set of coupled reaction equations. The qualitative behavior observed in experiments can be reproduced and explained in terms of a combination of (a) differing ion diffusive rates and, effectively, (b) an ion exchange process that is superimposed on independent binding processes. The latter’s origin is due to conformational changes taking place in the polymer structure in response to the binding of one of the species. The results of simulations under a diverse set of parameter conditions are discussed in relation to experimental observations.

Graphical abstract: Mathematically modelling competitive ion absorption in a polymer matrix

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Sep 2014, accepted on 31 Oct 2014 and first published on 03 Nov 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA10370J
Citation: RSC Adv., 2014,4, 60349-60362
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Mathematically modelling competitive ion absorption in a polymer matrix

    S. J. Miklavcic, M. Nydén, J. B. Lindén and J. Schulz, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 60349
    DOI: 10.1039/C4RA10370J

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