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Issue 17, 2014
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Synthesis of 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9-, 10-, 11-, and 12-armed star-shaped poly(styrene oxide) Ru(II) complexes by a click-to-chelate approach

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Abstract

This study describes the first convenient preparation of 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9-, 10-, 11-, and 12-armed star-shaped poly(styrene oxide) (PSO) Ru(II) complexes using a click-to-chelate approach. This approach involves the combination of the click reaction and stepwise chelating reactions of Ru(II)(DMSO)4Cl2 with macroligands, 2-(1-PSOn-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (PSOn-tapy) or 2-(1-PSOm-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-6-(1-PSOn-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (PSOm-bitapy-PSOn) (m, n = 1, 2, or 3). Click chemistry was used to prepare the PSOn-tapy and PSOm-bitapy-PSOn macroligands. More specifically, PSOn-tapy was prepared by reacting the azido-functionalized PSOn (PSOn-N3) with excess 2-ethynylpridine. On the other hand, PSOm-bitapy-PSOn was obtained by the click reaction of excess PSOn-N3 with 2,6-diethynylpridine to afford (PSOn)2-bitapy when m equals n, and by the stepwise click reactions of PSOm-N3 and PSOn-N3 with 2,6-diethynylpridine to produce PSOm-bitapy-PSOn when m is not equal to n. In order to obtain these polymer-substituted macroligands, PSOn-N3 was initially synthesized by the living ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of styrene oxide (SO) using t-Bu-P4 as a catalyst and the azido-functionalized mono- or multi-hydroxyl compounds, e.g., 6-azido-1-hexanol, 2-((6-azidohexyloxy)methyl)-2-methylpropane-1,3-diol (1) and 2-((6-azidohexyloxy)methyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol (2) as initiators.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9-, 10-, 11-, and 12-armed star-shaped poly(styrene oxide) Ru(ii) complexes by a click-to-chelate approach

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Mar 2014, accepted on 14 Apr 2014 and first published on 15 Apr 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4PY00314D
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2014,5, 4993-5001
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    Synthesis of 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9-, 10-, 11-, and 12-armed star-shaped poly(styrene oxide) Ru(II) complexes by a click-to-chelate approach

    Y. Chen, N. Xiao, T. Satoh and T. Kakuchi, Polym. Chem., 2014, 5, 4993
    DOI: 10.1039/C4PY00314D

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