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Issue 7, 2015
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A highly sensitive and flexible pressure sensor with electrodes and elastomeric interlayer containing silver nanowires

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Abstract

The next-generation application of pressure sensors is gradually being extended to include electronic artificial skin (e-skin), wearable devices, humanoid robotics and smart prosthetics. In these advanced applications, high sensing capability is an essential feature for high performance. Although surface patterning treatments and some special elastomeric interlayers have been applied to improve sensitivity, the process is complex and this inevitably raises the cost and is an obstacle to large-scale production. In the present study a simple printing process without complex patterning has been used for constructing the sensor, and an interlayer is employed comprising elastomeric composites filled with silver nanowires. By increasing the relative permittivity, εr, of the composite interlayer induced by compression at high nanowire concentration, it has been possible to achieve a maximum sensitivity of 5.54 kPa−1. The improvement in sensitivity did not sacrifice or undermine the other features of the sensor. Thanks to the silver nanowire electrodes, the sensor is flexible and stable after 200 cycles at a bending radius of 2 mm, and exhibits outstanding reproducibility without hysteresis under similar pressure pulses. The sensor has been readily integrated onto an adhesive bandage and has been successful in detecting human movements. In addition to measuring pressure in direct contact, non-contact pressures such as air flow can also be detected.

Graphical abstract: A highly sensitive and flexible pressure sensor with electrodes and elastomeric interlayer containing silver nanowires

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Nov 2014, accepted on 19 Dec 2014 and first published on 22 Dec 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR06494A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2015,7, 2926-2932
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    A highly sensitive and flexible pressure sensor with electrodes and elastomeric interlayer containing silver nanowires

    J. Wang, J. Jiu, M. Nogi, T. Sugahara, S. Nagao, H. Koga, P. He and K. Suganuma, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 2926
    DOI: 10.1039/C4NR06494A

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