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Issue 4, 2015
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A three-dimensional nitrogen-doped graphene structure: a highly efficient carrier of enzymes for biosensors

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Abstract

In recent years, graphene-based enzyme biosensors have received considerable attention due to their excellent performance. Enormous efforts have been made to utilize graphene oxide and its derivatives as carriers of enzymes for biosensing. However, the performance of these sensors is limited by the drawbacks of graphene oxide such as slow electron transfer rate, low catalytic area and poor conductivity. Here, we report a new graphene-based enzyme carrier, i.e. a highly conductive 3D nitrogen-doped graphene structure (3D-NG) grown by chemical vapour deposition, for highly effective enzyme-based biosensors. Owing to the high conductivity, large porosity and tunable nitrogen-doping ratio, this kind of graphene framework shows outstanding electrical properties and a large surface area for enzyme loading and biocatalytic reactions. Using glucose oxidase (GOx) as a model enzyme and chitosan (CS) as an efficient molecular binder of the enzyme, our 3D-NG based biosensors show extremely high sensitivity for the sensing of glucose (226.24 μA mM−1 m−2), which is almost an order of magnitude higher than those reported in most of the previous studies. The stable adsorption and outstanding direct electrochemical behaviour of the enzyme on the nanocomposite indicate the promising application of this 3D enzyme carrier in high-performance electrochemical biosensors or biofuel cells.

Graphical abstract: A three-dimensional nitrogen-doped graphene structure: a highly efficient carrier of enzymes for biosensors

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Sep 2014, accepted on 22 Nov 2014 and first published on 01 Dec 2014


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR05325G
Citation: Nanoscale, 2015,7, 1290-1295
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    A three-dimensional nitrogen-doped graphene structure: a highly efficient carrier of enzymes for biosensors

    J. Guo, T. Zhang, C. Hu and L. Fu, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 1290
    DOI: 10.1039/C4NR05325G

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