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Issue 5, 2014
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Vacuum nano-hole array embedded organic light emitting diodes

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We demonstrated a nano-hole array (NHA) embedded structure that was fabricated for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) using a robust reverse transfer process. The NHA structure is proposed in this study as a strategy for maximizing the diffraction strength of two dimensional photonic crystals (PCs) by engineering vacuum nano-holes inside a dielectric slab. The electroluminescence (EL) intensity of the OLED was improved by more than twice. Such an optical enhancement was evaluated by using the angular dependence of photoluminescence (PL). The FDTD simulation was carried out to optimize the NHA structure for extraction of the emission induced from both vertical and horizontal dipoles. We explored the effect of the NHA structure on the extraction improvement converted from waveguide mode by measuring EL intensities of the devices with a hemisphere lens. In addition, the transfer process employed in this study yielded extremely low surface roughness, and thus outstanding electrical characteristics.

Graphical abstract: Vacuum nano-hole array embedded organic light emitting diodes

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The article was received on 07 Oct 2013, accepted on 14 Nov 2013 and first published on 20 Nov 2013

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3NR05331H
Citation: Nanoscale, 2014,6, 2642-2648
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    Vacuum nano-hole array embedded organic light emitting diodes

    S. Jeon, J. Jeong, Y. S. Song, W. Jeong, J. Kim and J. R. Youn, Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 2642
    DOI: 10.1039/C3NR05331H

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