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Issue 1, 2015
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Pd/C-catalyzed reactions of HMF: decarbonylation, hydrogenation, and hydrogenolysis

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Abstract

The diverse reactivity of 5-hydroxymethylfural (HMF) in Pd/C-catalyzed reactions is described with emphasis on the role of additives that affect selectivity. Three broad reactions are examined: decarbonylation, hydrogenation, and hydrogenolysis. Especially striking are the multiple roles of formic acid in hydrogenolysis/hydrogenation and in suppressing decarbonylation, as illustrated by the conversion of HMF to DMF. Hydrogenation of the furan ring is suppressed by CO2 and carboxylic acids. These results emphasize the utility of Pd/C as a convenient catalyst for upgradation of cellulosic biomass.

Graphical abstract: Pd/C-catalyzed reactions of HMF: decarbonylation, hydrogenation, and hydrogenolysis

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The article was received on 06 Aug 2014, accepted on 05 Sep 2014 and first published on 16 Sep 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4GC01520G
Citation: Green Chem., 2015,17, 307-313
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    Pd/C-catalyzed reactions of HMF: decarbonylation, hydrogenation, and hydrogenolysis

    J. Mitra, X. Zhou and T. Rauchfuss, Green Chem., 2015, 17, 307
    DOI: 10.1039/C4GC01520G

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