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Issue 2, 2014
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Conversion of biomass platform molecules into fuel additives and liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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Abstract

In this work some relevant processes for the preparation of liquid hydrocarbon fuels and fuel additives from cellulose, hemicellulose and triglycerides derived platform molecules are discussed. Thus, it is shown that a series of platform molecules such as levulinic acid, furans, fatty acids and polyols can be converted into a variety of fuel additives through catalytic transformations that include reduction, esterification, etherification, and acetalization reactions. Moreover, we will show that liquid hydrocarbon fuels can be obtained by combining oxygen removal processes (e.g. dehydration, hydrogenolysis, hydrogenation, decarbonylation/descarboxylation etc.) with the adjustment of the molecular weight via C–C coupling reactions (e.g. aldol condensation, hydroxyalkylation, oligomerization, ketonization) of the reactive platform molecules.

Graphical abstract: Conversion of biomass platform molecules into fuel additives and liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jul 2013, accepted on 01 Oct 2013, published on 23 Oct 2013 and first published online on 23 Oct 2013


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41492B
Citation: Green Chem., 2014,16, 516-547
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    Conversion of biomass platform molecules into fuel additives and liquid hydrocarbon fuels

    M. J. Climent, A. Corma and S. Iborra, Green Chem., 2014, 16, 516
    DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41492B

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