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Volume 173, 2014
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Oxygen reduction reaction by electrochemically reduced graphene oxide

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Abstract

We show that a partially reduced graphene oxide electrocatalyst, synthesized by electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO), displays significantly enhanced catalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline solutions compared to the starting GO. The electrochemical partial reduction of GO was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) verified the enhanced electron transfer ability of the electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ErGO) compared to GO. The resultant ErGO electrode showed enhanced capacitance and an ORR onset potential of −0.11 V vs. Ag/AgCl, similar to that of a nitrogen doped reduced graphene oxide (NrGO) electrode produced by a hydrothermal process. However the ErGO exhibited considerably lower electron transfer numbers (2.0–3.3 at a potential range of −0.4 V to −1.0 V) indicating that although both catalysts operate under combined 4e and 2e ORR processes, ErGO follows a more predominant 2e pathway. The ORR process in ErGO has been linked to the presence of quinone functional groups, which favour the 2e ORR pathway.

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The article was received on 01 May 2014, accepted on 02 Jun 2014 and first published on 02 Jun 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4FD00088A
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Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2014,173, 415-428
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    Oxygen reduction reaction by electrochemically reduced graphene oxide

    S. K. Bikkarolla, P. Cumpson, P. Joseph and P. Papakonstantinou, Faraday Discuss., 2014, 173, 415
    DOI: 10.1039/C4FD00088A

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