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Issue 36, 2014
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Cationic iridium(III) complexes bearing ancillary 2,5-dipyridyl(pyrazine) (2,5-dpp) and 2,2′:5′,2′′-terpyridine (2,5-tpy) ligands: synthesis, optoelectronic characterization and light-emitting electrochemical cells

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Abstract

Four cationic iridium(III) complexes of the form [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)]+ bearing either a 2,5-dipyridylpyrazine (2,5-dpp) or a 2,2′:5′,2′′-terpyridine (2,5-tpy) ancillary ligand and either 2-phenylpyridine (ppy) or a 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5-methylpyridine (dFMeppy) cyclometalating ligands were synthesized. The optoelectronic properties of all complexes have been fully characterized by UV-visible absorption, cyclic voltammetry and emission spectroscopy. The conclusions drawn from these studies have been corroborated by DFT and TDDFT calculations. The four complexes were assessed as emitters in light-emitting electrochemical cells. Complex 1a, [Ir(ppy)2(2,5-dpp)]PF6, was found to be a deep red emitter (666 nm) both in acetonitrile solution and in the electroluminescent device. Complex 2a, [Ir(ppy)2(2,5-tpy)]PF6 was found to be an orange emitter (604 nm) both in solution and in the LEEC. LEECs incorporating both of these complexes were stable over the course of around 4–6 hours. Complex 1b, [Ir(dFMeppy)2(2,5-dpp)]PF6, was also determined to emit in the orange (605 nm) but with a photoluminescent quantum yield (ΦPL) double that of 2a. Complex 2b, [Ir(dFMeppy)2(2,5-tpy)]PF6 is an extremely bright green emitter (544 nm, 93%). All four complexes exhibited quasireversible electrochemistry and all four complexes phosphoresce from a mixed charge-transfer excited state.

Graphical abstract: Cationic iridium(iii) complexes bearing ancillary 2,5-dipyridyl(pyrazine) (2,5-dpp) and 2,2′:5′,2′′-terpyridine (2,5-tpy) ligands: synthesis, optoelectronic characterization and light-emitting electrochemical cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2014, accepted on 24 Jul 2014 and first published on 28 Jul 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4DT02100B
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 13672-13682
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    Cationic iridium(III) complexes bearing ancillary 2,5-dipyridyl(pyrazine) (2,5-dpp) and 2,2′:5′,2′′-terpyridine (2,5-tpy) ligands: synthesis, optoelectronic characterization and light-emitting electrochemical cells

    K. Hasan, L. Donato, Y. Shen, J. D. Slinker and E. Zysman-Colman, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 13672
    DOI: 10.1039/C4DT02100B

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