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Issue 17, 2014
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The influence of the ΔK280 mutation and N- or C-terminal extensions on the structure, dynamics, and fibril morphology of the tau R2 repeat

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Abstract

Tau is a microtubule-associated protein and is involved in microtubule assembly and stabilization. It consists of four repeats that bind to the microtubule. The ΔK280 deletion mutation in the tau R2 repeat region is directly associated with the development of the frontotemporal dementia parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). This deletion mutation is known to accelerate tau R2 repeat aggregation. However, the secondary and the tertiary structures of the self-assembled ΔK280 tau R2 repeat mutant aggregates are still controversial. Moreover, it is unclear whether extensions by one residue in the N- or the C-terminus of this mutant can influence the secondary or the tertiary structure. Herein, we combine solid-state NMR, atomic force microscopy, electron microscopy and all-atom explicit molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the effects of the deletion mutation and the N- and the C-terminal extension of this mutant on the structure. Our main findings show that the deletion mutation induces the formation of small aggregates, such as oligomers, and reduces the formation of fibrils. However, the extensions in the N- or the C-terminus revealed more fibril formation than small aggregates. Further, in the deletion mutation only one structure is preferred, while the N- and the C-terminal extensions strongly lead to polymorphic states. Finally, our broad and combined experimental and computational techniques provide direct structural information regarding ΔK280 tau R2 repeat mutant aggregates and their extensions in the N- and C-terminii by one residue.

Graphical abstract: The influence of the ΔK280 mutation and N- or C-terminal extensions on the structure, dynamics, and fibril morphology of the tau R2 repeat

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Nov 2013, accepted on 23 Dec 2013 and first published on 02 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP54890B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 7710-7717
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    The influence of the ΔK280 mutation and N- or C-terminal extensions on the structure, dynamics, and fibril morphology of the tau R2 repeat

    Y. Raz, J. Adler, A. Vogel, H. A. Scheidt, T. Häupl, B. Abel, D. Huster and Y. Miller, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 7710
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP54890B

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