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Issue 13, 2014
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Ionic liquid clusters: structure, formation mechanism, and effect on the behavior of ionic liquids

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Abstract

The microstructure of ionic liquids (ILs) has attracted much attention due to their relevance in physiochemical properties and behavior of ILs. The existence of clusters (or microheterogeneous structure) is one of the main features for many ILs, which provides fundamental information for understanding the performance of ILs in their applications. This perspective concentrates on the recent progresses in IL clusters research. Firstly, we give a brief introduction on the structure of clusters in neat ILs and IL solutions. Secondly, the possible formation mechanism of the IL clusters is described. Then, the effects of the clusters on the physicochemical properties, interfacial properties, confined geometry and assembly processes of ILs are discussed. Finally, we address the associated challenges and prospects on the future study of IL clusters.

Graphical abstract: Ionic liquid clusters: structure, formation mechanism, and effect on the behavior of ionic liquids

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jul 2013, accepted on 14 Oct 2013 and first published on 17 Oct 2013


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP53116C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 5893-5906
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    Ionic liquid clusters: structure, formation mechanism, and effect on the behavior of ionic liquids

    S. Chen, S. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, J. Wang, K. Dong, J. Sun and B. Xu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 5893
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP53116C

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