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Issue 7, 2013
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Improving color rendition in solid state white lighting through the use of quantum dots

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Abstract

Quantum dots have the potential to be used in solid state white lighting applications as an additional down-converting component to better represent wavelengths in the red spectral region, leading to higher quality white light with improved color rendering. In this contribution, we report on color characteristics of phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes that utilize inorganic garnet-based phosphors, with quantum dots incorporated appropriately. Devices were fabricated using red-emitting CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (λem = 560 nm or λem = 590 nm) in conjunction with yellow-emitting Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ or green-emitting Lu3Al5O12:Ce3+ and a blue-emitting InGaN LED (λem = 450 nm). Several phosphor/quantum dot geometries were examined, including encapsulating the phosphor powder and quantum dots together in silicone resin, or in two separate layers of silicone resin, with either the quantum dots closest to the LED or the phosphor particles closest to the LED. The quantum dots were most efficient when encapsulated with the phosphor particles in the resin. Devices with Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ and quantum dots (λem = 590 nm) achieved a correlated color temperature of 4000 K, color rendering index of 81, and luminous efficacy of 57 lm W−1, while devices with Lu3Al5O12:Ce3+ and quantum dots (λem = 590 nm) achieved a correlated color temperature of 5700 K, a color rendering index of 90, and luminous efficacy of 22 lm W−1. The results obtained suggest that the use of quantum dots may allow for solid state white lighting devices with high color rendition.

Graphical abstract: Improving color rendition in solid state white lighting through the use of quantum dots

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Oct 2012, accepted on 21 Dec 2012 and first published on 09 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2TC00420H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2013,1, 1461-1466
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    Improving color rendition in solid state white lighting through the use of quantum dots

    K. A. Denault, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Brinkley, S. P. DenBaars and R. Seshadri, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2013, 1, 1461
    DOI: 10.1039/C2TC00420H

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