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Issue 27, 2013
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Composite Sr2TiO4/SrTiO3(La,Cr) heterojunction based photocatalyst for hydrogen production under visible light irradiation

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Abstract

A composite Sr2TiO4/SrTiO3(La,Cr) heterojunction photocatalyst has been prepared by a simple in situ polymerized complex method. Upon Pt cocatalyst loading, this catalyst shows higher photocatalytic activity towards hydrogen production than individual SrTiO3(La,Cr) and Sr2TiO4(La,Cr) in the presence of methanol sacrificial reagent. Microscopic morphology studies show that well defined heterojunctions are formed by matching the lattice fringes of SrTiO3(La,Cr) and Sr2TiO4(La,Cr), and Pt was preferentially loaded on the surface of the Sr2TiO4(La,Cr) component in the composite Sr2TiO4/SrTiO3(La,Cr) photocatalyst. XPS and EPR analyses show that the composite photocatalyst also has the lowest amount of Cr6+ electron trapping sites. Band structure analysis by combining absorption spectroscopy and Mott–Schottky plots shows that, in the composite photocatalyst, the photogenerated electrons and holes tend to migrate from SrTiO3(La,Cr) to Sr2TiO4(La,Cr) and from Sr2TiO4(La,Cr) to SrTiO3(La,Cr), respectively. This kind of band structure can facilitate charge transfer and separation driven by the minor potential difference between the two components, which is further confirmed by the observation of long lived electrons in the time resolved FT-IR spectroscopic study. It is concluded that the superior photocatalytic activity of the composite heterojunction photocatalyst is due to efficient charge transfer and separation by well defined heterojunctions formed between SrTiO3(La,Cr) and Sr2TiO4(La,Cr), preferential loading of Pt nanoparticles on the Sr2TiO4(La,Cr) component, and the lowest amount of Cr6+ in the composite photocatalyst. The tailored design and synthesis of the composite heterojunction structure is a promising approach for the improvement of the photocatalytic activity of a photocatalyst.

Graphical abstract: Composite Sr2TiO4/SrTiO3(La,Cr) heterojunction based photocatalyst for hydrogen production under visible light irradiation

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Apr 2013, accepted on 04 May 2013 and first published on 07 May 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA11326D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 7905-7912
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    Composite Sr2TiO4/SrTiO3(La,Cr) heterojunction based photocatalyst for hydrogen production under visible light irradiation

    Y. Jia, S. Shen, D. Wang, X. Wang, J. Shi, F. Zhang, H. Han and C. Li, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 7905
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA11326D

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