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Issue 22, 2013
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Defect and dopant properties of the α- and β-polymorphs of the Li3FeF6 lithium battery material

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Abstract

Li3FeF6 has attracted recent interest as a promising positive electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries. The defect chemistry and cation doping behaviour of the α- and β-polymorphs of Li3FeF6 have been investigated by advanced atomistic modelling techniques. Our simulations show good reproduction of both monoclinic (α) and orthorhombic (β) experimental structures, which are related to the cryolite crystal structure. The most favourable defect types are found to be the Li Frenkel and off-stoichiometry (Li-excess) disorder, suggesting that interstitial lithium is possible in the cryolite structure, and is important in rationalizing the lithium intercalation chemistry. Monovalent dopant substitution for Li and divalent substitution for Fe are energetically favourable, and could be a synthesis strategy to optimise the electrochemical behaviour of Li3FeF6.

Graphical abstract: Defect and dopant properties of the α- and β-polymorphs of the Li3FeF6 lithium battery material

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Feb 2013, accepted on 02 Apr 2013 and first published on 26 Apr 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA10630F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 6588-6592
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    Defect and dopant properties of the α- and β-polymorphs of the Li3FeF6 lithium battery material

    E. Gonzalo, A. Kuhn, F. García-Alvarado and M. S. Islam, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 6588
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA10630F

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