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Issue 6, 2013
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Graphene coatings for enhanced hemo-compatibility of nitinol stents

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Abstract

In this study, we used graphene, a one-atom thick sheet of carbon atoms, to modify the surfaces of existing implant materials to enhance both bio- and hemo-compatibility. This novel effort meets all functional criteria for a biomedical implant coating as it is chemically inert, atomically smooth and highly durable, with the potential for greatly enhancing the effectiveness of such implants. Specifically, graphene coatings on nitinol, a widely used implant and stent material, showed that graphene coated nitinol (Gr–NiTi) supports excellent smooth muscle and endothelial cell growth leading to better cell proliferation. The authors further determined that the serum albumin adsorption on Gr–NiTi is greater than that of fibrinogen, which is an important and well understood criterion for promoting a lower thrombosis rate. These hemo- and biocompatible properties, along with high strength, chemical inertness and durability provide graphene with an edge over most antithrombogenic coatings for biomedical implants and devices.

Graphical abstract: Graphene coatings for enhanced hemo-compatibility of nitinol stents

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Nov 2012, accepted on 28 Nov 2012 and first published on 03 Dec 2012


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA23073A
Citation: RSC Adv., 2013,3, 1660-1665
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    Graphene coatings for enhanced hemo-compatibility of nitinol stents

    R. Podila, T. Moore, F. Alexis and A. M. Rao, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 1660
    DOI: 10.1039/C2RA23073A

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