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Issue 12, 2013
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Pristine nanomaterials: synthesis, stability and applications

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Abstract

Capping-free and linker-free nanostructures/hybrids possess superior properties due to the presence of pristine surfaces and interfaces. In this review, various methods for synthesizing pristine nanomaterials are presented along with the general principles involved in their morphology control. In wet chemical synthesis, the interplay between various reaction parameters results in diverse morphology. The fundamental principles behind the evolution of morphology including nanoporous aggregates of metals and other inorganic materials, 2D nanocrystals of metals is elucidated by capping-free methods in aqueous medium. In addition, strategies leading to the attachment of bare noble metal nanoparticles to functional oxide supports/reduced graphene oxide has been demonstrated which can serve as a simple solution for obtaining thermally stable and efficient supported catalysts with free surfaces. Solution based synthesis of linker-free oxide–semiconductor hybrids and capping-free metal nanowires on substrates are also discussed in this context with ZnO/CdS and ultrathin Au nanowires as examples. A simple and rapid microwave-assisted method is highlighted for obtaining such hybrids which can be employed for high-yield production of similar materials.

Graphical abstract: Pristine nanomaterials: synthesis, stability and applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jan 2013, accepted on 24 Mar 2013 and first published on 09 Apr 2013


Article type: Feature Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3NR00382E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 5215-5224
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    Pristine nanomaterials: synthesis, stability and applications

    P. Kundu, E. A. Anumol and N. Ravishankar, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 5215
    DOI: 10.1039/C3NR00382E

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