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Issue 3, 2013
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Dopamine as the coating agent and carbon precursor for the fabrication of N-doped carbon coated Fe3O4 composites as superior lithium ion anodes

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Abstract

Dopamine is an excellent and flexible agent for surface coating of inorganic nanoparticles and contains unusually high concentrations of amine groups. In this study, we demonstrate that through a controlled coating of a thin layer of polydopamine on the surface of α-Fe2O3 in the dopamine aqueous solution, followed by subsequent carbonization, N-doped carbon-encapsulated magnetite has been synthesized and shows excellent electrochemical performance as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Due to the strong binding affinity to iron oxide and excellent coating capability of this new carbon precursor, the conformal polydopamine derived carbon is continuous and uniform, and its thickness can be tailored. Moreover, due to the high percentage of nitrogen content in the precursor, the resulting carbon layer contains a moderate amount of N species, which can substantially improve the electrochemical performance. The composites synthesized by this facile method exhibit superior electrochemical performance, including remarkably high specific capacity (>800 mA h g−1 at a current of 500 mA g−1), high rate capability (595 and 396 mA h g−1 at a current of 1000 and 2000 mA g−1, respectively) and excellent cycle performance (200 cycles with 99% capacity retention), which adds to the potential as promising anodes for the application in lithium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Dopamine as the coating agent and carbon precursor for the fabrication of N-doped carbon coated Fe3O4 composites as superior lithium ion anodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Oct 2012, accepted on 25 Nov 2012 and first published on 27 Nov 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2NR33043A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 1168-1175
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    Dopamine as the coating agent and carbon precursor for the fabrication of N-doped carbon coated Fe3O4 composites as superior lithium ion anodes

    C. Lei, F. Han, D. Li, W. Li, Q. Sun, X. Zhang and A. Lu, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 1168
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NR33043A

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