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Issue 12, 2013
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Electronic subshell splitting controls the atomic structure of charged and neutral silver clusters

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Abstract

Theoretical studies on the atomic and electronic structure of Agn−,0,+ clusters containing up to 15 atoms have been carried out using a gradient corrected density functional formalism. Our studies indicate that the atomic structures of the clusters undergo a transition from spherical to prolate to oblate shapes as a function of the number of valence electrons. Clusters with a valence count of 8 are shown to be highly stable and their stability is rooted in the filled 1S, 1P shells within a confined spherical nearly free electron gas. Clusters with 14 valence electrons are also shown to be highly stable, but their stability arises due to oblate geometrical distortions that lead to a splitting of the 1D shell with a large HOMO–LUMO gap. The large splitting is shown to account for the observed unusual inertness of these clusters in reactivity with oxygen. The theoretical findings are compared with the observed peaks in the photodetachment spectrum of the anionic species.

Graphical abstract: Electronic subshell splitting controls the atomic structure of charged and neutral silver clusters

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Sep 2013, accepted on 03 Oct 2013 and first published on 07 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3NJ01075A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2013,37, 3928-3935
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    Electronic subshell splitting controls the atomic structure of charged and neutral silver clusters

    G. U. Gamboa, A. C. Reber and S. N. Khanna, New J. Chem., 2013, 37, 3928
    DOI: 10.1039/C3NJ01075A

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