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Issue 19, 2013
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Functionalization of large-pore periodic mesoporous silicas: metal silylamide and isopropoxide molecular grafting and secondary surface ligand exchange

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Abstract

Divalent metal silylamide complexes of zinc and cobalt and trivalent aluminium isopropoxide were successfully grafted onto large-pore hexagonal channel-like SBA-15 and cubic MCM-48-like periodic mesoporous silica (PMS) KIT-6, to afford hybrid materials Zn[N(SiMe3)2]2@SBA-15, Co[N(SiMe3)2]2(thf)@SBA-15/KIT-6 and {Al(OCHMe2)3}@SBA-15 with well-defined surface species ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2M(thf)x, [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOM[N(SiMe3)2](THF)x (x = 0, M = Zn; x = 1, M = Co), [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOSiMe3 and ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2Al(OCHMe2) and [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOAl(OCHMe2)2, respectively. Surface silylamido ligand exchange with 1,4-benzenediol, 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid, and biphenyl-4,4′-dicarboxylic acid gave hybrid materials of type [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOML(solvent)x and ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2M(solvent)x (L = O(C6H4)OSiMe3, O2C(C6H4)CO2SiMe3, O2C(C6H4)2CO2SiMe3; M = Zn and Co) revealing in situ ligand silylation as a side reaction. Surface isopropoxide/carboxylato ligand exchange generated species ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2AlL(DMF)x and [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOAl(OCHMe2)2−yLy (L = O2C(C6H4)CO2H, y ≤ 2) devoid of any secondary functionalization (such as formation of ester groups), offering a potential approach to PMS-encapsulated metal–organic frameworks. All featured surface species were verified by 1H, 13C and 29Si magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier-transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy as well as elemental analysis. Additionally, preservation of the long-range ordered mesostructures was proven by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), nitrogen physisorption, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Graphical abstract: Functionalization of large-pore periodic mesoporous silicas: metal silylamide and isopropoxide molecular grafting and secondary surface ligand exchange

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Dec 2012, accepted on 20 Feb 2013 and first published on 20 Feb 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT33041A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2013,42, 6922-6935
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    Functionalization of large-pore periodic mesoporous silicas: metal silylamide and isopropoxide molecular grafting and secondary surface ligand exchange

    Y. Liang, E. Sev. Erichsen and R. Anwander, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 6922
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT33041A

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