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Issue 44, 2013
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Oxygen reduction at sparse arrays of platinum nanoparticles in aqueous acid: hydrogen peroxide as a liberated two electron intermediate

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Abstract

Electrodeposition methods are used to generate a sparse array of platinum nanoparticles on a glassy carbon electrode. Specifically electrodeposition from a 1 mM solution of H2PtCl6 in 0.5 M H2SO4 leads to surface coverages of 0.46% to 1.96% and nanoparticles of size 29 nm to 136 nm in diameter, using deposition times of 30 and 15 seconds. The reduction of oxygen at an array of 29 nm nanoparticles with a surface coverage of 0.46% showed voltammetric signals with a scan rate dependence consistent with a two electron reduction of O2 to H2O2 with the rate proportional to Image ID:c3cp53684j-t1.gif and formal potential (E0f) of −0.058 V vs. SHE, a standard electrochemical rate constant (k0) of ∼10 cm s−1 and a transfer coefficient (α) of 0.23. At higher Pt nanoparticle coverages, a scan rate dependence consistent with the partial further reduction of H2O2 to water becomes evident.

Graphical abstract: Oxygen reduction at sparse arrays of platinum nanoparticles in aqueous acid: hydrogen peroxide as a liberated two electron intermediate

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Aug 2013, accepted on 10 Oct 2013 and first published on 16 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP53684J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 19487-19495
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    Oxygen reduction at sparse arrays of platinum nanoparticles in aqueous acid: hydrogen peroxide as a liberated two electron intermediate

    M. Gara, E. Laborda, P. Holdway, A. Crossley, C. J. V. Jones and R. G. Compton, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 19487
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP53684J

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