Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 42, 2013
Previous Article Next Article

Morphology oriented surfactant dependent CoO and reaction time dependent Co3O4 nanocrystals from single synthesis method and their optical and magnetic properties

Author affiliations

Abstract

A simple solvothermal strategy has been developed to synthesize highly stable, pure phased CoO and Co3O4 nanoparticles from Co(CH3COO)2·4H2O precursor in ethanol solvent at 220 °C. The various phases of cobalt oxide (cubic CoO and Co3O4) with controlled size and morphologies viz, nanocubes, hexagonal platelets and nanospheres could be obtained via varying only one parameter (either surfactant or reaction time) in this single synthesis method. XRD and HRTEM analyses revealed pure cubic phase CoO and Co3O4 nanoparticles. The formation and shapes of CoO nanoparticles are surfactant dependent, whereas the formation and morphologies of Co3O4 are time dependent. The optical absorbance studies showed two distinct broad absorption peaks and hence two optical band gaps for both CoO and Co3O4 nanoparticles. CoO nanoparticles showed a wide band gap difference of 2.36 eV, while Co3O4 nanoparticles were found to be semiconducting in nature with a 0.6 eV–1 eV band gap difference, which showed characteristic features of CoO and Co3O4 nanoparticles, respectively. CoO nanoparticles showed interesting magnetic behaviour due to intrinsic antiferromagnetic structure and uncompensated surface spins, which was confirmed by VSM and EPR studies.

Graphical abstract: Morphology oriented surfactant dependent CoO and reaction time dependent Co3O4 nanocrystals from single synthesis method and their optical and magnetic properties

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jul 2013, accepted on 02 Sep 2013 and first published on 02 Sep 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41502C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 8465-8474
  •   Request permissions

    Morphology oriented surfactant dependent CoO and reaction time dependent Co3O4 nanocrystals from single synthesis method and their optical and magnetic properties

    K. Deori and S. Deka, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 8465
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41502C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements