This paper describes a new catalytic method for the regio- and stereocontrolled fluorination of allylic carbonates. This transformation uses TBAF·4tBuOH as the fluoride source and [Ir(COD)Cl]2 as the catalyst; the most commonly used [Ir(COD)Cl]2/phosphoramidite system is ineffective. Synthetically, this reaction is characterized by a high degree of structural conservation in going from substrates to the products. The fluorination of (E)-allylic carbonates leading to linear (E)-allylic fluorides (l:b > 20:1, E:Z > 20:1) is unprecedented and a unique feature of fluoride as the nucleophile. The first examples of transition metal catalyzed fluorination affording (Z)-allyl fluorides (Z:E ratio >20:1) are disclosed along with the successful fluorination of branched, linear (E)- and (Z)-allyl carbonates with [18F] fluoride in the presence of [Ir(COD)Cl]2. 18O-Labeling of the reactant reveals internal return during the allylic ionization step, and pathways for effective intra- and intermolecular isotope exchange.
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