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Issue 24, 2012
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Reversible long-range patterning of gold nanoparticles by smectic liquid crystals

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Abstract

4.7 nm Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) capped with mesogenic ligands, dispersed in homeotropically aligned smectic A liquid crystal (LC), reversibly form arrays of aggregates with micron-scale periodicities over macroscopic areas at the nematic to smectic A phase transition (TN-SmA). AuNPs with a mixed capping layer of 4′-(n-mercaptododecyloxy)biphenyl-4-carbonitrile and hexanethiol in a 1 : 1 ratio were dispersed in 4′-octyl-4-cyanobiphenyl (8CB) and subjected to boundary conditions known to produce periodic edge dislocations. In a cavity cell with a meniscus, the arrays consisted of concentric circles. Linear arrays were produced by wedge cells and control over the periodicity was achieved through variation of the wedge angle. Based on the dependence of the geometry and periodicity of the arrays on boundary conditions, we propose that the AuNPs concentrate at edge dislocation defects of the smectic phase.

Graphical abstract: Reversible long-range patterning of gold nanoparticles by smectic liquid crystals

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Feb 2012, accepted on 19 Apr 2012 and first published on 18 May 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2SM25445J
Citation: Soft Matter, 2012,8, 6593-6598
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    Reversible long-range patterning of gold nanoparticles by smectic liquid crystals

    J. Milette, S. Relaix, C. Lavigne, V. Toader, S. J. Cowling, I. M. Saez, R. B. Lennox, J. W. Goodby and L. Reven, Soft Matter, 2012, 8, 6593
    DOI: 10.1039/C2SM25445J

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