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Issue 5, 2012
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Isolation and detection of single molecules on paramagnetic beads using sequential fluid flows in microfabricated polymer array assemblies

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Abstract

We report a method for isolating individual paramagnetic beads in arrays of femtolitre-sized wells and detecting single enzyme-labeled proteins on these beads using sequential fluid flows in microfabricated polymer array assemblies. Arrays of femtolitre-sized wells were fabricated in cyclic olefin polymer (COP) using injection moulding based on DVD manufacturing. These arrays were bonded to a complementary fluidic structure that was also moulded in COP to create an enclosed device to allow delivery of liquids to the arrays. Enzyme-associated, paramagnetic beads suspended in aqueous solutions of enzyme substrate were delivered fluidically to the array such that one bead per well was loaded by gravity. A fluorocarbon oil was then flowed into the device to remove excess beads from the surface of the array, and to seal and isolate the femtolitre-sized wells containing beads and enzyme substrate. The device was then imaged using standard fluorescence imaging to determine which wells contained single enzyme molecules. The analytical performance of this device as the detector for digital ELISA compared favourably to the standard method, i.e., glass arrays mechanically sealed against a silicone gasket; prostate specific antigen (PSA) could be detected from 0.011 pg mL−1 up to 100 pg mL−1. The use of an enclosed fluidic device to isolate beads in single-molecule arrays offers a multitude of advantages for low-cost manufacturing, ease of automation, and instrument development to enable applications in biomarker validation and medical diagnosis.

Graphical abstract: Isolation and detection of single molecules on paramagnetic beads using sequential fluid flows in microfabricated polymer array assemblies

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Aug 2011, accepted on 01 Dec 2011 and first published on 16 Dec 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2LC20744C
Citation: Lab Chip, 2012,12, 977-985
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    Isolation and detection of single molecules on paramagnetic beads using sequential fluid flows in microfabricated polymer array assemblies

    C. W. Kan, A. J. Rivnak, T. G. Campbell, T. Piech, D. M. Rissin, M. Mösl, A. Peterça, H. Niederberger, K. A. Minnehan, P. P. Patel, E. P. Ferrell, R. E. Meyer, L. Chang, D. H. Wilson, D. R. Fournier and D. C. Duffy, Lab Chip, 2012, 12, 977
    DOI: 10.1039/C2LC20744C

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