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Issue 7, 2012
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Pyrolytic conversion of cellulose to fuels: levoglucosan deoxygenation via elimination and cyclization within molten biomass

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Abstract

Fast pyrolysis of biomass thermally cracks solid biopolymers to generate a transportable liquid (bio-oil) which can be upgraded and integrated with the existing petroleum infrastructure. Understanding how the components of biomass, such as cellulose, break down to form bio-oil constituents is critical to developing successful biofuels technologies. In this work, we use a novel co-pyrolysis technique and isotopically labeled starting materials to show that levoglucosan, the most abundant product of cellulose pyrolysis (60% of total), is deoxygenated within molten biomass to form products with higher energy content (pyrans and light oxygenates). The yield of these products can be increased by a factor of six under certain reaction conditions, e.g., using long condensed-phase residence times encountered in powder pyrolysis. Finally, co-pyrolysis experiments with deuterated glucose reveal that hydrogen exchange is a critical component of levoglucosan deoxygenation.

Graphical abstract: Pyrolytic conversion of cellulose to fuels: levoglucosan deoxygenation via elimination and cyclization within molten biomass

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Feb 2012, accepted on 28 Feb 2012, published on 15 Mar 2012 and first published online on 15 Mar 2012


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE21305B
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 7864-7868
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    Pyrolytic conversion of cellulose to fuels: levoglucosan deoxygenation via elimination and cyclization within molten biomass

    M. S. Mettler, A. D. Paulsen, D. G. Vlachos and P. J. Dauenhauer, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 7864
    DOI: 10.1039/C2EE21305B

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