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Issue 4, 2012
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Continuous reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide: problems, solutions and possible ways forward

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Abstract

This Tutorial Review focuses on supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2), and discusses some of the problems that have frustrated its wide use on an industrial scale. It gives some recent examples where strategies have been developed to reduce the energy requirements, including sequential reactions and gas-expanded liquids. It then describes a number of cases where scCO2 offers real chemical advantages over more conventional solvents, for example by controlled phase separation, tunable selectivity, oxidation and on-line analysis and self-optimisation. Overall, this review indicates where scCO2 could deliver value in the future.

Graphical abstract: Continuous reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide: problems, solutions and possible ways forward

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Nov 2011 and first published on 16 Jan 2012


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS15314A
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 1428-1436
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    Continuous reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide: problems, solutions and possible ways forward

    X. Han and M. Poliakoff, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 1428
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CS15314A

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