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Issue 25, 2012
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Hydrated alizarin complexes: hydrogen bonding and proton transfer

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Abstract

We investigated the hydrogen bonding structures and proton transfer for the hydration complexes of alizarin (Az) produced in a supersonic jet using fluorescence excitation (FE), dispersed laser induced fluorescence (LIF), visible–visible hole burning (HB), and fluorescence detected infrared (FDIR) spectroscopy. The FDIR spectrum of bare Az with two O–H groups exhibits two vibrational bands at 3092 and 3579 cm−1, which, respectively, correspond to the stretching vibration of O1–H1 that forms a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond with the C9[double bond, length as m-dash]O9 carbonyl group and the stretching vibration of O2–H2 that is weakly hydrogen-bonded to O1–H1. For the 1 ∶ 1 hydration complex Az(H2O)1, we identified three conformers. In the most stable conformer, the water molecule forms hydrogen bonds with the O1–H1 and O2–H2 groups of Az as a proton donor and proton acceptor, respectively. In the other conformers, the water binds to the C10[double bond, length as m-dash]O10 group in two nearly isoenergetic configurations. In contrast to the sharp vibronic peaks in the FE spectra of Az and Az(H2O)1, only broad, structureless absorption was observed for Az(H2O)n (n ≥ 2), indicating a facile decay process, possibly due to proton transfer in the electronic excited state. The FDIR spectrum with the wavelength of the probe laser fixed at the broad band exhibited a broad vibrational band near the O2–H2 stretching vibration frequency of the most stable conformer of Az(H2O)1. With the help of theoretical calculations, we suggest that the broad vibrational band may represent the occurrence of proton transfer by tunnelling in the electronic ground state of Az(H2O)n (n ≥ 2) upon excitation of the O2–H2 vibration.

Graphical abstract: Hydrated alizarin complexes: hydrogen bonding and proton transfer

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Feb 2012, accepted on 26 Mar 2012 and first published on 26 Mar 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40554G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 8919-8924
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    Hydrated alizarin complexes: hydrogen bonding and proton transfer

    H. Huh, S. H. Cho, J. Heo, N. J. Kim and S. K. Kim, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 8919
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40554G

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