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Issue 8, 2013
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Facile synthesis of rutile TiO2 nanorod microspheres for enhancing light-harvesting of dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

Sub-micrometer sized rutile TiO2 nanorod microspheres with diameters of 500–700 nm and with a specific surface area of 63.7 m2 g−1 were synthesized via a salt-assisted hydrothermal method. Morphological evolution as a function of reaction time was carried out to gain insight into the formation mechanism of the nanorod microspheres. Unlike traditional bulk rutile TiO2 particles, the nanorod microspheres could provide dual-functions of adsorbing dye molecules and strong light-harvesting efficiency when they were fabricated as a scattering overlayer in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Furthermore, the inherent nanorods would provide excellent electron percolation pathways for charge transfer as confirmed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Consequentially, DSSC with the scattering overlayer exhibited a 39% increment of cell efficiency (7.32%) compared with the DSSC without one (5.28%), and the efficiency was also a little higher than the DSSC with the same thickness composed of only nanocrystallites (7.14%).

Graphical abstract: Facile synthesis of rutile TiO2 nanorod microspheres for enhancing light-harvesting of dye-sensitized solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Oct 2012, accepted on 13 Dec 2012 and first published on 17 Dec 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE26691A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 1651-1656
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    Facile synthesis of rutile TiO2 nanorod microspheres for enhancing light-harvesting of dye-sensitized solar cells

    Y. Rui, Y. Li, Q. Zhang and H. Wang, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 1651
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CE26691A

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