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Issue 48, 2012
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Pyrene-directed growth of nanoporous benzimidazole-linked nanofibers and their application to selective CO2 capture and separation

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Abstract

A pyrene-based benzimidazole-linked polymer (BILP-10) has been synthesized by the co-condensation of 1,3,6,8-tetrakis(4-formylphenyl)pyrene and 1,2,4,5-benzenetetramine tetrahydrochloride in dimethylformamide. The use of pyrene as a molecular building unit leads to the formation of self-assembled nanofibers that have moderate surface area (SABET = 787 m2 g−1) and very high CO2/N2 (128) and CO2/CH4 (18) selectivities at 273 K. Furthermore, results from gas uptake measurements indicate that BILP-10 can store significant amounts of CO2 (4.0 mmol at 273 K/1.0 bar) and H2 (1.6 wt% at 77 K/1.0 bar) with respective isosteric heats of adsorption of 38.2 and 9.3 kJ mol−1 which exceed all of the previously reported values for BILPs and are among the highest values reported to date for unmodified porous organic polymers. Under high pressure settings, BILP-10 displays moderate uptakes of H2 (27.3 g L−1, 77 K/40 bar), CH4 (72 L L−1, 298 K/40 bar), and CO2 (13.3 mmol g−1, 298 K/40 bar). The unusually high CO2 and H2 binding affinities of BILP-10 are presumably facilitated by the amphoteric pore walls of the polymer that contain imidazole moieties and the predominant microporous nature.

Graphical abstract: Pyrene-directed growth of nanoporous benzimidazole-linked nanofibers and their application to selective CO2 capture and separation

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jul 2012, accepted on 29 Oct 2012 and first published on 05 Nov 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM34922A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 25409-25417
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    Pyrene-directed growth of nanoporous benzimidazole-linked nanofibers and their application to selective CO2 capture and separation

    M. G. Rabbani, A. K. Sekizkardes, O. M. El-Kadri, B. R. Kaafarani and H. M. El-Kaderi, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 25409
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JM34922A

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