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Issue 16, 2011
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Preparation of hyaluronic acid nanoparticlesvia hydrophobic association assisted chemical cross-linking—an orthogonal modular approach

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop an efficient and stable drug delivery nanocarrier based on a dually functionalized hyaluronic acid (HA) derivative which could be used as a long circulating drug delivery vehicle. Self-assembled HA nanoparticles (HA NPs) were prepared by attaching pyrene to the HA backbone and the obtained physical NPs were stabilized by chemical cross-linking of the HA chains to form hydrophobic core–hydrophilic shell NPs. Orthogonal chemoselective reactions were applied for conversion of HA into its amphiphilic derivative and subsequent cross-linking of the formed micellar-type associates. Chemical stabilization of the physical HA associates afforded therefore very stable nanoparticles that could easily be re-suspended in aqueous media after freeze-drying. In contrast, freeze-drying of the uncross-linked physically associated particles resulted in a non-soluble material. Doxorubicin (DOX), a typical anticancer drug, was entrapped into HA NPs via ionic and/or hydrophobic interactions and used for in vitrodrug release. Higher loading efficiency and the slower release profile of DOX from HA NPs were obtained with the hydrophobically encapsulated drug. We have shown that free HA NPs were readily taken up by NIH 3T3 cells without causing any toxicity to the cells, while the DOX-loaded HA NPs resulted in increased cell death comparable to the free drug. This study clearly showed the applicability of orthogonal chemoselective modifications for the synthesis of stable HA nanogel particles as a potential cancer-targeted drug delivery system.

Graphical abstract: Preparation of hyaluronic acid nanoparticlesvia hydrophobic association assisted chemical cross-linking—an orthogonal modular approach

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Apr 2011, accepted on 02 Jun 2011 and first published on 07 Jul 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1SM05785E
Citation: Soft Matter, 2011,7, 7517-7525
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    Preparation of hyaluronic acid nanoparticlesvia hydrophobic association assisted chemical cross-linking—an orthogonal modular approach

    X. Yang, S. Kootala, J. Hilborn and D. A. Ossipov, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 7517
    DOI: 10.1039/C1SM05785E

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