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Issue 45, 2011
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Fabrication of electrochemically responsive surface relief diffraction gratings based on a multifunctional polyamide containing oligoaniline and azo groups

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Abstract

A novel, well-defined multifunctional polyamide bearing pendent aniline tetramer groups has been synthesized via low temperature solution polycondensation. The simultaneous presence of these two functional groups allows the polyamide to display the properties of azo-chromophore and oligoaniline, such as photoinduced birefringence and reversible electroactivity. The electrochromic performance of the polyamide shows the optical change in absorptivity depends on the various redox states of oligoaniline upon electrochemical switching. It is well known that a change in absorptivity is accompanied by a concomitant change in refractive index. By taking advantage of this effect and using the single step fabrication of surface relief gratings based on azo-chromophore, we have fabricated optical diffraction gratings with which the diffraction efficiency can be modulated by an electrochemical signal. Although patterned electroactive films have been made by many techniques, the copolymer approach employing the simple one-step surface relief gratings process displays optimal properties with respect to modulation depth and convenience, which avoids complicated electropolymerization steps or photochemical reactions. The electrochemically-induced modulation in the diffraction efficiency of the polyamide is believed to arise primarily from the effect of the redox state on the film's refractive index.

Graphical abstract: Fabrication of electrochemically responsive surface relief diffraction gratings based on a multifunctional polyamide containing oligoaniline and azo groups

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Aug 2011, accepted on 14 Sep 2011 and first published on 14 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM14047G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 18317-18324
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    Fabrication of electrochemically responsive surface relief diffraction gratings based on a multifunctional polyamide containing oligoaniline and azo groups

    X. Jia, D. Chao, E. B. Berda, S. Pei, H. Liu, T. Zheng and C. Wang, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 18317
    DOI: 10.1039/C1JM14047G

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