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Issue 1, 2012
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Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; energy fuel for the future

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Abstract

This communication reports for the first time the direct utilisation of urine in MFCs for the production of electricity. Different conversion efficiencies were recorded, depending on the amount treated. Elements such as N, P, K can be locked into new biomass, thus removed from solution, resulting in recycling without environmental pollution.

Graphical abstract: Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; energy fuel for the future

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jul 2011, accepted on 17 Oct 2011 and first published on 19 Oct 2011


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP23213D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 94-98
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    Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; energy fuel for the future

    I. Ieropoulos, J. Greenman and C. Melhuish, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 94
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP23213D

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