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Issue 8, 2011
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Comparison of dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction and the modified QuEChERS method for the determination of fipronil in honey by high performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection

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Abstract

Two methods, based on dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (DLLME) and Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS), have been developed, validated and critically compared in order to analyze the insecticide fipronil in honey by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection. Parameters that affect the extraction have been investigated for both methods. In optimal conditions, the limits of quantification were 0.03 and 0.6 mg kg−1 for DLLME and modified QuEChERS, respectively. The relative recoveries were between 70.7–101.1% and 76.3–87.7% for DLLME and QuEChERS, with relative standard deviations in the range of 7.1–11.2% and 5.9–10.8%, respectively. Both methods were found to be simple, fast and inexpensive. By comparison with the modified QuEChERS, the advantages of the DLLME technique were the preconcentration factor and the lower amount of solvent. However, the modified QuEChERS method was demonstrated to be more robust and more suitable for the determination of pesticides in complex samples.

Graphical abstract: Comparison of dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction and the modified QuEChERS method for the determination of fipronil in honey by high performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Apr 2011, accepted on 14 Jun 2011 and first published on 19 Jul 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1AY05221G
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2011,3, 1893-1900
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    Comparison of dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction and the modified QuEChERS method for the determination of fipronil in honey by high performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection

    D. Tomasini, M. R. F. Sampaio, L. V. Cardoso, S. S. Caldas and E. G. Primel, Anal. Methods, 2011, 3, 1893
    DOI: 10.1039/C1AY05221G

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