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Issue 14, 2010
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Heterofibrins: inhibitors of lipid droplet formation from a deep-water southern Australian marine sponge, Spongia (Heterofibria) sp.

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Abstract

A bioassay-guided search for inhibitors of lipid droplet formation in a deep-water southern Australian marine sponge, Spongia (Heterofibria) sp., yielded six new compounds, fatty acids heterofibrins A1 (1) and B1 (4), along with related monolactyl and dilactyl esters, heterofibrins A2 (2), B2 (5), A3 (3) and B3 (6). Heterofibrin structures were assigned on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis, with comparison to chiral synthetic model compounds. All heterofibrins possess a diyne-ene moiety, while the monolactyl and dilactyl moiety featured in selected heterofibrins is unprecedented in the natural products literature. SAR by co-metabolite studies on the heterofibrins confirmed them to be non-cytotoxic, with the carboxylic acids 1 and 4 inhibiting lipid droplet formation in A431 fibroblast cell lines. Such inhibitors have potential application in the management of obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis.

Graphical abstract: Heterofibrins: inhibitors of lipid droplet formation from a deep-water southern Australian marine sponge, Spongia (Heterofibria) sp.

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Mar 2010, accepted on 22 Apr 2010 and first published on 19 May 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C003840G
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010,8, 3188-3194
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    Heterofibrins: inhibitors of lipid droplet formation from a deep-water southern Australian marine sponge, Spongia (Heterofibria) sp.

    A. A. Salim, J. Rae, F. Fontaine, M. M. Conte, Z. Khalil, S. Martin, R. G. Parton and R. J. Capon, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010, 8, 3188
    DOI: 10.1039/C003840G

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