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Issue 9, 2010
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Density, freezing and molecular aggregation in pyridazine, pyridine and benzene

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Abstract

Molecular aggregation of pyridazine (C4H4N2) and pyridine (C5H5N) has been compared with that of benzene (C6H6) in its phases I and II. The crystal structures of pyridazine and pyridine, in situ crystallized in a diamond-anvil cell, have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at 0.27 and 0.61 GPa (C4H4N2) and 1.23 GPa (C5H5N). The isochoric and isothermal freezing of pyridazine yielded monoclinic crystals, space-group P21/n, of the same symmetry as those obtained by isobaric freezing at 0.1 MPa below 100 K. At 295 K pyridine froze at 1.23 GPa in orthorhombic space-group Pna21. The compressibility measurement of both compounds have been performed at 295 K up to ca. 2 GPa and confirmed their freezing pressure of 0.19 GPa for pyridazine and 0.53 GPa for pyridine. The interactions governing the molecular arrangement in the series of pyridazine, pyridine and benzene structures, gradually change from C–H⋯N to C–H⋯π hydrogen bonds. High pressure also favours the C–H⋯N interactions over the C–H⋯π bonds in pyridine, but benzene remains more stable than pyridazine and pyridine. The phase diagram of pyridine has been outlined up to 2.0 GPa. A pyridinemethanol 3 : 1 co-crystal has been obtained at 1.80 GPa/295 K.

Graphical abstract: Density, freezing and molecular aggregation in pyridazine, pyridine and benzene

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jan 2010, accepted on 21 Apr 2010 and first published on 19 May 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C001153C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2010,12, 2561-2567
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    Density, freezing and molecular aggregation in pyridazine, pyridine and benzene

    M. Podsiadło, K. Jakóbek and A. Katrusiak, CrystEngComm, 2010, 12, 2561
    DOI: 10.1039/C001153C

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